Paseka Moshwadiba



The Political and Ideological Consolidation of the African People’s Convention (APC) by the Secretary General Paseka Moshwadiba.


In dealing with the consolidation of the Party to be an effective vanguard of the masses, we need to effectively address the following cardinal aspects; v.i.z: the character of our revolution; the building of a strong Party; the training of first rate cadres and the determination of the Party’s mass line.

The struggle had to resolve two principal questions, namely: the national and social question. To resolve the above, the revolutionary process had to have two phases, i.e. The National Democratic Revolutionary phase and the Socialist phase.

The National Question

The National Question deals with the struggle of a subject people for political independence from colonialism. It is a struggle that was waged throughout Africa against European Colonialism; making its first milestone in 1957 with the independence of Ghana led by Dr.Kwame Nkrumah. The resolution of the National Question means giving the colonised people the right to determine their own destiny by freely electing representatives to run their government. In South Africa it meant granting the right to the African People to determine their own destiny. The African people have been a subject people in their own country since the advent of the Dutch and British colonialist. This meant nullifying the declaration of the Republic in 1961, 1910 Union of (white) SA and the shame Act of 1909 (South Africa Act) passed by the British parliament giving “Dominion” status to South Africa within the British empire which excluded the indigenous African majority from political processes of their country. As a people, Africans were subjected to land robbery and criminal oppression. The attainment of political democracy in 1994 addressed the question of political domination and it will be leftist opportunism not to acknowledge this reality. The African people in S.A are now free to choose those who should run their affairs.

However as a revolutionary Party we understand that the NDR will not end at the usual Bourgeois Republic, but that it should result in new Democracy, which is a political epoch of governance by an alliance of classes led by the working class (not what we witness today, where workers are still treated like slaves). Of course the ruling Party today is a bourgeois party which is not committed to new democracy and the transition to socialism.

To them the attainment of a bourgeois republic is an end goal. But this does not address the social inequalities and exploitation of the majority by capitalism, this means that the social question is still not addressed despite the recent summit on social cohesion held in Kliptown Soweto.

The Social Question

The Social Question refers to the material condition in society arising from the ownership and control of the means of production i.e. the relations of production.  Colonialism was basically motivated by economic consideration i.e. the acquisition of markets for European Capital, and raw materials for its industries from its colonies. The political subjudication of Africa and Asia was essential for the realisation of these economic objectives i.e. the enslavement and plunder of the colonies.

Since the advent of democracy in 1994 in SA where the question of political domination has been addressed; the painful situation is that the wealth of the country still remains in the hands of a few, while the majority wallow in poverty. The majority of the people today after years of democracy live in squater, are unemployed, homeless and destitute. The attainment of political power does not have practical material significance to them for as long as the material conditions which made them to rise in revolt have not changed. For man to live and enjoy life, he/she needs to have food, shelter and other necessities of life.

To have these, man must engage in productive labour, in that process man changes both nature and himself and enters into definite relations of production. The relations of production are determined by the ownership and control of the means of production. In South Africa the majority of the people do not own the means of production; they are at the mercy and are exploited ruthlessly by the capitalists. That is the state of affairs in the country today.

Thus, addressing the social question means dealing with the colonial legacy of the relations of production. It means empowering the majority to have a fair share in the wealth of the country. It means using the weapon of political power to effect social change in the interest of real economic development.

The struggle for socialism becomes not an option but a necessity for the empowerment of the masses, for social and economic justice.

The APC has from its formation, committed itself as a party that strives for a society which will be democratic in form and socialistic in content. In order to achieve socialism there is a need for a party that is National in scale, with a broad mass character, fully consolidated ideologically, politically and organisationally. In building the APC there is a need to emphasize the ideological and political.

The APC is a party of the African majority in general, and the working class in particular.  This means that we need to make the proletariat character of the APC clearer and firmer. The proletariat leadership of all revolutionary forces in and under the APC should be vigorously persued.

The APC is a party leading the African people in a struggle to change their horrible material conditions. The party cannot fulfil this historic task without programmatically building a large pool of cadres who are closely linked to the masses.

We need to increase on the current pool by training hundreds of cadres. The goals we have set ourselves as a party, need first rate cadres to guide it.

The Party’s Mass Line must be the fundamental political and organisational line of the party. This should be the distinguishing factor of the APC. To be a vanguard is not an academic title, but should arise out of the party’s practical leadership of the masses in their daily struggle .The APC and the masses must be one thing, meaning we must have close contact with the broadest masses of our people and never for a moment divorce ourselves from the masses, to proceed in all cases from the interest of the people. The APC is the African people and The African people are the APC.

Summing up the theoretical postulates of our mass line we say:

We need to take care of the whole and majority, and reject close doorism.

We want to lead the masses forward.

We need close connections with the masses, but we do not want bureaucracy.

As pointed earlier, vanguardism, as opposed to tailism or rearism, means: being on the forefront of the people’s struggles on the ground.

The current state of affairs in the country is calling on the APC as an alternative voice to take its rightful position and lead the people. The homeless, landless, unemployed and whole Communities who have lost faith in the current ruling class and the youth marginalised without a future are looking for a vanguard that should lead and guide them to address these issues, to which the current powers that be appear less concerned.

Long live the APC!!

Long live the African People!!

Prepared by:  Paseka oa Moshwadiba

APC Secretary General



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